John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough:

The general who gave his Queen “A glorious victory.”


John Churchill, the lst Duke of Marlborough is considered to be England’s finest general. Even the Duke of Wellington acknowledged his supremacy. Churchill is famous for winning the great victory at Blenheim for which he was rewarded by a grateful nation with a palace in the Oxfordshire countryside. He began his career in the royal bedrooms of Charles ll where his handsome features and willingness to oblige his mistresses soon translated into rapid promotion in the army, where he acquired a reputation as a brave and clever soldier. The friendship of his wife Sarah with Queen Anne was an enormous advantage but with the outbreak of the War of the Spanish Succession in 1702 Europe came to accept that the English army under Churchill was the finest on the continent.  His final years were miserable: rejected by his Queen and her government he spent some time in exile before returning to the half-built Blenheim Palace where he could reflect on how easily power could be given and withdrawn.